Trafficking in Human Beings as an Enterprise: Highlighting Key Questions About Data Shortage on the Business Side


Julia Muraszkiewicz
PhD Researcher at Vrije Universiteit Brussel
Dr. Hayley Watson
Senior Research Analyst at Trilateral Research & Consulting
Kush Wadhwa
Senior Partner at Trilateral Research & Consulting
Dr. Paul De Hert
Professor at Vrije Universiteit Brussel and Head of the Department Interdisciplinary Legal Studies


Researchers and policymakers face a shortage of data on the business side of human trafficking. This inevitably leads to problems when trying to combat this crime. Questions such as: who is involved in trafficking, how do they operate, what is their relationship with organised crime groups (or other traffickers and third parties) remain unanswered. The purpose of this article is to harvest the knowledge on what we know about trafficking as a criminal enterprise and, in turn, encourage further research. The article also aims to show that the challenges encountered by researchers.

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