NGO Reports

Academic  |  Government  |  U.N.  |  NGO

WAHAYA: Domestic and Sexual Slavery in Niger

Focuses on the ‘wahaya’ practice in Niger, whereby girls and women of ‘slave caste’ are bought and sold as unofficial wives. They are referred to as ‘fifth wives’, as they are additional to the four wives permitted to Niger, but they are not officially married to their master and therefore have none of the legal rights and protection to which legal wives would have recourse. ‘Wahaya’ are essentially slaves used for domestic labour and sexual gratification.  The report presents testimonies from individual wahaya to expose the shocking realities of the practice and calls for efforts to end these forced unions.

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1807-2007: Over 200 Years of Campaigning Against Slavery

Gives an overview of the Transatlantic Slave Trade and considers the factors that led isolated voices of protest to develop into a popular movement in less than 20 years, helping to bring about the abolition of the slave trade in 1807. It also traces how after the end of the Transatlantic Slave Trade, new forms of slavery began to manifest themselves and how they were challenged through popular campaigns and the development of international standards to prohibit them. It also considers what action needs to be taken to free the millions of people in slavery today.

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Darfur Abductions: Sexual Slavery and Forced Labour

Research by the Darfur Consortium has found that Government supported militia, like the Janjaweed and the Popular Defence Forces, together with the Sudanese Armed Forces, have systematically abducted civilians for the purposes of sexual slavery and forced labour as part of the Darfur conflict. The report investigates the pattern of abductions, the issues behind them, including ethnicity and lack of protection, and concludes with some recommendations to address the abductions.

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Is There Slavery in Sudan?

Summarises information obtained during a fact-finding visit to investigate abductions and slavery in Sudan. It includes illustrated case studies and the Sudan Government’s response.

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In the Dock: Examining the UK’s Criminal Justice Response to Trafficking

Examines the effectiveness of trafficking investigations and prosecutions through the UK Criminal Justice System (CJS)3 in terms of law, policy and practice. In particular, the report focuses on: Obstacles that impede an effective criminal justice response to trafficking; The UK’s ability to ensure its obligations to protect trafficked persons participating in criminal proceedings; Adherence to the requirement not to criminalise trafficked persons; and presenting examples of good practice from within the UK and abroad wherever possible.

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ILO Indicators of Forced Labour

Presents an introduction to the ILO Indicators of Forced Labour. These indicators are intended to help “front-line” criminal law enforcement officials, labour inspectors, trade union officers, NGO workers and others to identify persons who are possibly trapped in a forced labour situation, and who may require urgent assistance. The indicators represent the most common signs or “clues” that point to the possible existence of a forced labour case.

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Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Measures for the Integration of Trafficked Persons

Five case countries (Belgium, France, Hungary, Italy and the United Kingdom) have been assessed for the purposes of this project, and it is also useful to enquire as to whether any of these countries offer specific examples of effective measures for the integration of victims. As the research for this project has benefitted from some interviews with victims of trafficking, we can also qualitatively address those measures which victims themselves consider satisfactory.

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Implementing the Roadmap for Achieving the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour by 2016: Training guide for policy makers

Provides the core building blocks of a comprehensive training programme that facilitates dialogue, understanding and increased capacity to end child labour, with an emphasis on its worst forms. It is designed to help national governments, the social partners and other stakeholders to work together to develop or improve their own national roadmap and adopt and sustain new and effective policy measures, as a matter of urgency. NOTE: clicking the link downloads the PDF file to your device.

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UNODC Issue Paper: The Role of Corruption in Trafficking in Persons (2011)

Seeks to outline patterns of corruption in trafficking in persons; provide a description of relevant international legal instruments, and outline some practical guidance on what can be done to address the issue of corruption in human trafficking. In an attempt to keep its scope within reasonable limits, the paper focuses mostly on corruption of public officials, and in particular, of law enforcement and criminal justice actors.

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