JOURNAL of MODERN SLAVERY Editorial Board

Dr. Zoe Trodd

Professor Zoe Trodd is Director of the Rights Lab, a University of Nottingham Beacon of Excellence that focuses on delivering research to help end slavery by 2030. Her books include To Plead Our Own Cause: Personal Stories by Today’s Slaves (2008), Modern Slavery (2009), The Tribunal (2012), and Picturing Frederick Douglass (2015). She currently holds an Arts and Humanities Research Council grant (£1.84 million) called The Antislavery Usable Past (2014-19). This project is unearthing, theorising and applying a usable past of antislavery examples and methods as a tool for policy makers and civil society in the movement to end contemporary global slavery. She is a member of the board of Historians Against Slavery, edits a book series for Cambridge University Press called Slaveries Since Emancipation, and teaches a massive open online course (MOOC) called Ending Slavery.

Dr. Aidan McQuade

Dr. Aidan McQuade is the Director of Anti-Slavery International, the oldest international human rights organisation in the world. During his tenure Anti-Slavery’s achievements have included holding the state of Niger to account in an international court for failing to protect its citizens from slavery, introduction of a new statute to British law proscribing forced labour, working with the British Government to have a special UN rapporteur on slavery appointed, and the exposure of slavery in the manufacture of garments for Western high street brands.

Before joining Anti-Slavery International Aidan worked for over 13 years in humanitarian response, development and human rights. This included periods in Ethiopia and Eritrea working on rural water supply and soil conservation, and Afghanistan, in the months before the Taliban take over, where he undertook emergency water supply in the displaced persons camps outside Jalalabad. He spent five years in Angola at the end of the civil war managing an emergency relief programme for over a quarter of a million people in the besieged cities of the interior as well as working with the UN on human rights protection of civilians from military excesses.

Dr. Monti Narayan Datta

Dr. Monti Narayan Datta is an assistant professor of political science at the University of Richmond where he teaches classes on human rights, global governance, research methods, and a yearlong intensive course on modern day slavery. He is also a consultant with the Walk Free Global Slavery Index. With Dr. Kevin Bales, Monti has developed measures of the prevalence of contemporary slavery and its risk factors, used to compile the Index.

Monti is an expert in research methods, international relations theory, public opinion, human rights, and modern day slavery. In addition to Walk Free, he has partnered on anti-slavery projects with Free the Slaves and Chab Dai in addition to anti-poverty programs in Richmond, Virginia, where he resides.

Monti’s work has appeared in Human Rights Quarterly, The Brown Journal of World Affairs, International Studies Perspectives, PS: Political Science & Politics, and Political Science Quarterly. He is the author of Anti-Americanism and the Rise of World Public Opinion: Consequences for the U.S. National Interest, forthcoming with Cambridge University Press. He is working on several academic articles on modern day slavery with Kevin Bales in addition to a book-length project on the subject.

Monti holds a PhD in political science from the University of California at Davis, a Master of Public Policy from Georgetown University, and a Bachelor of Arts in English Literature from the University of California at Berkeley.

Dr. Carter F. Smith

Dr. Carter F. Smith is a Professor of Criminal Justice in the Department of Criminal Justice Administration at Middle Tennesee State University. During his more than twenty-two year career with the United States Army, Dr. Smith served as Criminal Intelligence & Anti-Terrorism Program Manager, Team Chief of the Gang Suppression Team, Detachment Sergeant, and Special Agent-in-Charge for the US Army Criminal Investigations Command (CID).

Dr. Smith is a member of the graduate faculty at Middle Tennessee State University; and a founding board member of the Tennessee Gang Investigators Association. A recipient of the Frederic Milton Thrasher Award of the National Gang Crime Research Center, Dr. Smith’s research and investigative interests include the effect of military-trained gang members on the civilian community, the use of technology by gang members, and the intersection of criminal street gangs, organized crime, and terrorism.

Dr. Smith received his Ph.D from Northcentral University. He received a Juris Doctorate from Southern Illinois University – Carbondale, and holds a Bachelor’s degree from Austin Peay State University. The recipient of numerous Army Commendation and Meritorious Service Medals, he was also designated as a CID Command Special Agent of the Year. Dr. Smith is a member of Phi Alpha Delta (Law Fraternity), the Fraternal Order of Police, and the CID Special Agent’s Association.

Benjamin Thomas Greer, J.D.

Benjamin Greer is a CalOES Senior Instructor, California Specialized Training Institute (CSTI), in the Homeland Security/Human Trafficking Division. His role at the California Governor’s Office of Emergency Services is as a Subject Matter Expert in the field of human trafficking and child sexual exploitation; specifically instructing and developing human trafficking courses for law enforcing and emergency personnel. His primary tasks include creating multiple courses related to human trafficking and child sexual exploitation for OES’s California Specialized Training Institute (CSTI),researching and course development of the nexus between terrorist financing and human trafficking, working with the State Threat Assessment Center, Joint Terrorism Task Forces and Fusion Centers on human trafficking intelligence products, integrating human trafficking intelligence into the Terrorism Liaison Officer training program, and providing issue directed briefings on the current state of human trafficking and its nexus to terrorism in California. Before joining Cal OES, Mr. Greer served as a Special Deputy Attorney General with the California Department of Justice – Office of the Attorney General. There he lead a team of attorneys and non-attorneys in a comprehensive report for the California Attorney General entitled, “The State of Human Trafficking in California 2012.” He has published numerous American Law Review and International Journal articles and have presented/lectured in 9 counties. He is a federally recognized human trafficking training expert by the Office for Victims of Crime (OVC – TTAC) Training & Technical Assistance Center and Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA – NTAC) Training and Technical Assistance Center; helped California draft and negotiate Memorandum of Understandings (MOU) with the Mexican Government, draft and lobby anti-trafficking legislation (both domestically and internationally) and plays a prominent role as Contributing/Advisory Board member on two International Peer Reviewed Anti-Trafficking Journals.

He has previously presented and published extensively on human trafficking. Some of his articles include What is the Value of Slave Labor?: Why Fair Market Value Should Not be the Benchmark for Criminal Restitution for Victims of Human Trafficking, published in the Northern Illinois University Law Review. He presented this article at The Centre for Criminal Justice and Human Rights at University College Cork, Ireland. He has also presented Crime Shouldn’t Pay: How California Should Restructure Its Asset Forfeiture Laws to Discourage All Forms of Human Trafficking and Hold Traffickers More Financially Accountable at the 2012 Conference – Policing and European Studies at the University of Abertay-Dundee in Scotland. He has most recently present on California’s Supply Chain Transparency laws at HEC Paris’ 3rd Annual Global Conference on Transparency Research.

Roger-Claude Liwanga

Roger-Claude Liwanga is a Visiting Scholar with Boston University’s African Studies Center. He is a legal consultant for international non-governmental organizations. He is also the Founder of Promote Congo, dedicated to promoting human rights in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) by fundraising and providing microloans to underserved communities and carrying out human rights education.

Last year, Mr. Liwanga worked as a continuing legal education expert for the American Bar Association – Rule of Law Initiative where he designed training modules and trained lawyers and law professors in Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), to reinforce their capacity to offer Continuing Legal Education (CLE) to legal professionals. He also worked for The Carter Center in different capacities, including as a legal consultant, where developed a training module to train the Congolese magistrates on the protection of children against trafficking for economic exploitation in the mines. Mr. Liwanga also served as an international election observer for the Carter Center’s Election Observation Mission in Guinea-Conakry and Liberia.

Since 2012, Mr. Liwanga has been invited as a guest lecturer for a human trafficking course at the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. He also has numerous publications on human rights issues, which include drafting the majority of the DRC’s Bill on the Protection of Human Rights Defenders which was approved by the DRC Government and is pending for adoption at the Congolese Parliament. Mr. Liwanga earned his LL.M in Human Rights Law from the University of Cape Town (South Africa) and his Licence en Droit (License in Law) from Université Protestante au Congo (DRC).

Marcel van der Watt

Marcel is a lecturer and researcher at the University of South Africa’s (UNISA) Department of Police Practice. Before joining UNISA, Marcel was a member of the South African Police Service (SAPS) where he worked as hostage negotiator and investigator attached to the Hawks (DPCI) and Family Violence, Child Protection and Sexual Offences (FCS) Unit. It was in his role as police official during 2002 when he first came across the trafficking of women and girls in the sex trade. Marcel gained international recognition for his work in counter human trafficking and received numerous awards and commendations for the investigation of crime including a position in the YPIA Top 35 under 35 Africans for 2014.

He provides assistance in on-going investigations and intelligence-gathering activities and also participates on provincial and national human trafficking task teams in South Africa. His roles include that of Research Director for the Global Resources Epicentre against Human Trafficking (GREAT), a Canadian based NPO, Case Manager for the National Freedom Network (NFN) and expert witness on issues related to control methods, modus operandi and sentencing considerations in human trafficking cases. He has published and presented his work on local and international platforms and recently completed a PhD (Criminal Justice) on human trafficking from a complex-systems perspective.

Geraldine Bjällerstedt

Geraldine Bjällerstedt, Esq., is an attorney and international development specialist with over 15 years of experience in human rights, rule of law and security sector reform. She has worked in humanitarian, conflict and post-conflict zones based in Southeast Europe, Africa Great Lakes Region, Latin America and the Caribbean.

Geraldine served with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, American Bar Association Central European and Eurasian Law Initiative, Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe and Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law. She has also held consultancy assignments with Pacific Architects and Engineers (PAE) and Chemonics International.

Geraldine’s work protecting women and girls, victims of gender-based violence began with displaced ethnic minorities in war-torn Bosnia-Herzegovina. In Macedonia, her work was instrumental in national and international efforts against gender-based violence in the country. Regionally, she belonged to a network of multi-disciplinary practitioners working to combat human trafficking in Southeast Europe through policy formulation, legal reform and institutional capacity-building.

While in Rwanda, Geraldine worked to protect the human rights of Rwandan returnees, as well as Burundian and Congolese refugees in camps. In Kenya, she partnered with civil society to promote and transfer knowledge on the human rights of women in the East Africa region.

Geraldine has traveled and worked in Latin America and the Caribbean: Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Guatemala, Haiti, Jamaica and Nicaragua. Her writings have focused on gender-based violence and trafficking in persons.

Fluent in English and Spanish, with French proficiency, Geraldine pursued journalism and political science at Boston University, and holds a Juris Doctorate from the City University of New York School of Law. She is currently based in Stockholm with her family.